Problem Statement
Essay on Sustainable Settlement - a problem solving approach

LIVING in 2030


Limited Resources 2030
Thinking of the power sources we have today and project the usage of them in 2030, we can expect the amount of fossil fuel to be very limited.
Under such circumstances, renewable energy like solar power, wind energy, neuclur energy, earth thermal energy, waves energy ...... to be widely use. However, renewable energy is not umlimited source of pwer supply of our daily life when we consider the materials we use to capture, maintain and transform various sources of energy. Like we need solar panel to get voltage from sunlight, windmill to capture wind power, while the material we need for manufactuing solar panels and windmills are, in 2030, to be limited.
Hence, the most energy effiecient way of living would be to obey the natural rules: work in the day and rest at night. In case of using generated energy art night, think of sharing them with more people and programs. And the power source should come from the renewable energy sources.



Environmental Awareness in 2030
Think of the environment that is surrounding us in our city, the seen and un seen: the materials we use to build the city, the infrausture we build to support our modern lives and the underground pipes and wires to links us from the power and energy sources some kilometers away from the position that we are standing... our city is a giant machine we made to maintain our modern life.
in 2030, those college students who were disappointed by the 2009 Copenhagen conference would the in their 30-40s, the number of climate refugees would be ???. Global water level would have been exceed the level of.... which means some world known places live venice, amsterdam, maldaive..... would be under the sea. The remaining cities would suffer from building foundation problems, running out of existing argriculture area, refugees would rush to remaining countries and result in super crowded environment in cities in 2030.
It is just a wild guess for a worse case in 2030, and i woould be very glad that i shall be wrong. While with the expected raising awareness of the environmental sustainabilities, some changes of our daily habbits of today, should be carried out.


Production and Consumsion Habbit 2030
some hundred years ago
you took an apple from the apple tree in your village and ate it. you threw away the remaining part that you did not eat. That part decomposed in the nature and became nutrition of the nature.
Today, 2010
you get a bag of apple from supermarket. you throw away the wrapping brand bag an dtake one. you want to eat it. you wash it with fresh water to remove the pespicides on it to make it save to eat. You finish the apple and throw away the remaining part that you do not eat.
Future, 2030
you took an apple from the apple tree in your village green house and ate it. you threw away the remaining part that you did not eat. That part decomposed in the bio-degartable food residue storage in your village and generate heat for your village. The residue became nutrition of your village green house.


So the energy used to produce the food is not wasted but to be resued in the food production cycle.



Building Materials 2030
If we are to build, what should we use to build in 2030? Base on the Book energy manual, the following issues for choosing materials make reduce energy usage:

Consideration 1: thermal comfort
It is important to choose the right kind of building material for a project so that the final building would be smart enough to maintain thermal comfort beyond structural stable. In that way the building would need less energy input for passive heating or cooling and thus achieves a more sustainable way of building.
(In this sense the climate of the building site would be an important factor: if you can choose a place with all year climate-comfort to building your project, that would be the idea case as you need no extra effort to maintain a livable micro climate.
However, it is not always possible to choose your project site and so it becomes an issue to look into various materials’ performances.)
Consideration 2: material life cycle
Energy is need for the manufacture, maintenance and demolish for building materials. Therefore consideration on material life cycle can help to minimize the potential energy use.
One of the questions that my design facing is: if it is possible to build the basic structure (the column & slab) in a very stable and long lasting material that can last for a long time span and whatever filling inside is all light weight building structure which is flexible to compose and decompose.
The idea is to make the internal layout changeable is to fit the future change according to the program. Incase of shifting of location, the building is able to recompose somewhere else.
Consideration 3: maintenance cycle ad further energy required
There are some materials need more care then other materials. To think of the cleaning and replace method would be helpful to prevent extra energy use in the future. For example, using a recycled material which takes less primary energy input for the production process is more energy efficient than to reproduce new material. A material which needs less maintainence, less transportation distance or lower PEI over the same life span should be considered to be better material in this sense.

(source: Manfred Hegge, Matthias Fuchs, Thomas Stark, Martin Zeumer,
Energy Manual: Sustainable Architecture, Birkhauser, 2008, ISBN: 9783764388300)

And what kinds of structure should we use to allow most flexibilities for the future uncertainties in program use?
In the book Time-Based Architecture, there have been research examples and essays on the advantage of time- flexible architecture, which in result not only give advantage to users, but also enhance the full usage of the building.

Attached a research on Time-based building materials for reference.



Time & Displacement 2030 – Bicycle City 2030
Today we use cars for transportation which result in a lot of CO2 produced. In the future we may have other renewable resources for electric cars or other mobility devices, but why can't we use our on foot or our bicycles?

To fit with the better computer networking and limited resources in 2030, the Ideal city is to design different program in a bicycle/ pedestrians convenient layout to minimize the dependence to transportation. In building scale one may think of bet-ter position of staircases, lifts and escalators, while in urban scale one may think of the transportation system.How does a city with less private cars look likes? What makes a city become bicy-cle based, in architectural and political? What are the potential sustainable, social and economical developments can be driven from the daily cycling base habits? What are the possibilities of integrating cycling path to our building?

Attached a research on Cycling City for reference.





Researches Topics:
Cycling City - single pdf Dropbox File
Time-Based Materials - single pdf Dropbox File

Reference Projects and Technologies are in related research topics)


Literature List
Supportive Readings
Internet Reference




Presentation File:
Settlement MLP concept - single pdf Dropbox File
MLP A2 Posters Presentation Derft Dropbox File